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Gazelle french army by bagera3005 Gazelle french army by bagera3005
Aerospatiale Gazelle french army

Design and development

The Aérospatiale Gazelle originated in a French Army
French Army
The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre , is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and its largest. As of 2010, the army employs 112,860 personnel, making the French army the 2nd largest in the European Union after the British Army and the 4th largest in NATO after the Armies...

requirement for a lightweight utility helicopter. The design quickly attracted British
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

interest, leading to a development and production share out agreement with British
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

company Westland Helicopters
Westland Aircraft
Westland Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturer located in Yeovil in Somerset. Formed as a separate company by separation from Petters Ltd just before the start of the Second World War, Westland had been building aircraft since 1915...

. The deal, signed in February 1967, allowed the production in Britain
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

of 292 Gazelles and 48 Aérospatiale Puma
Aérospatiale Puma
The Aérospatiale Puma is a four-bladed, twin-engined medium transport/utility helicopter. The Puma was originally manufactured by Sud Aviation of France under the designation SA.330.-Development:...

s ordered by the British armed forces, in return Aérospatiale were given a work share in the manufacturing programme for the 40 Westland Lynx
Westland Lynx
The Westland Lynx is a British multi-purpose military helicopter designed and built by Westland Helicopters at its factory in Yeovil. Originally intended as a utility craft for both civil and naval usage, military interest led to the development of both battlefield and naval variants, which went...

naval helicopters for the French Navy
French Navy
The French Navy, officially the Marine nationale and often called La Royale is the maritime arm of the French military...

.

Though the general layout resembles that of the Alouette
Aérospatiale Alouette III
The Aérospatiale Alouette III is a single-engine, light utility helicopter developed by Sud Aviation and later manufactured by Aérospatiale of France. The Alouette III is the successor to the Alouette II, being larger and having more seating...

series, the Gazelle featured several important innovations. This was the first helicopter to carry a fenestron
Fenestron
A Fenestron is a shrouded tail rotor of a helicopter that is essentially a ducted fan. The housing is integral with the tail skin, and, like the conventional tail rotor it replaces, is intended to counteract the torque of the main rotor...

or fantail, which allows considerable noise reduction. Also, the rotor
Helicopter rotor
A helicopter main rotor or rotor system is a type of fan that is used to generate both the aerodynamic lift force that supports the weight of the helicopter, and thrust which counteracts aerodynamic drag in forward flight. Each main rotor is mounted on a vertical mast over the top of the...

blades were made of composite materials, a feature now widely used in modern helicopters.

In service with the French Army Light Aviation
French Army Light Aviation
The French Army Light Aviation is the aviation service of the French Army.-History:The French Army Light Aviation was established on 22 November 1954 for observation, reconnaissance, assault and supply duties.-Composition:...

, the ALAT, the Gazelle is used primarily as an anti-tank gunship (SA 342M) armed with HOT missiles
Euromissile HOT
The HOT is a second-generation long-range anti-tank missile system developed originally as an effort to meet a joint German-French Army requirement, by the then German firm Bolkow and the French firm Nord, to replace the older SS.11 wire guided...

. A light support version equipped with a 20 mm cannon is used (SA 341F) as well as anti-air variants carrying the Mistral air-to-air missile (Gazelle Celtic based on the SA 341F, Gazelle Mistral based on the SA 342M). The latest anti-tank and reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance , is a military term denoting a preliminary survey; especially: an exploratory military survey conducted to gain, or collect information. The term etymologically functions as a noun...

versions carry the Viviane thermal imagery system and so are called Gazelle Viviane. The Gazelle is being replaced in frontline duties by the Eurocopter Tiger
Eurocopter Tiger
The Eurocopter Tiger is an attack helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. In Germany it is known as the Tiger; in France and Spain it is called the Tigre.-Development:...

but will continue to be used for light transport and liaison roles.

It also served with all branches of the British armed forces—the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
The Royal Air Force is the United Kingdom's air force, the oldest independent air force in the world. Formed on 1 April 1918, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history ever since, playing a large part in World War II and in more recent conflicts.The RAF operates 1,112...

, Royal Navy
Royal Navy
The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of HM Armed Forces . From the beginning of the 19th century until well into the 20th century it was the most powerful navy in the world, playing a key part in establishing the British Empire as the dominant world power from 1815 until the early 1940s...

(including Royal Marines
Royal Marines
The Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines, commonly just referred to as the Royal Marines , are the marine corps and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service...

) and the British Army
British Army
The British Army is the land armed forces branch of Her Majesty's Armed Forces in the United Kingdom. It came into being with the unification of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. The new British Army incorporated Regiments that had already existed in...

in a variety of roles. Four versions of the Gazelle were used by the British Forces. The SA.341D became the Gazelle HT.3 in RAF service, equipped as a helicopter pilot trainer (hence HT). The SA 341E was used by the RAF for communications duties and VIP transport as the Gazelle HCC.4. The SA 341C was purchased as the Gazelle HT.2 pilot trainer for the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of HM Armed Forces . From the beginning of the 19th century until well into the 20th century it was the most powerful navy in the world, playing a key part in establishing the British Empire as the dominant world power from 1815 until the early 1940s...

. The training variants have now been replaced by the Squirrel HT1. The SA 341B was equipped to a specification for the Army Air Corps as the Gazelle AH.1 (from Army Helicopter Mark 1).
It was used as an Air Observation Post (AOP) for directing artillery
Artillery
Artillery are engines of war that operate by projection of munitions far beyond the range of effect of personal weapons. They comprise specialised devices which use some form of stored energy to operate, whether mechanical, chemical, or electromagnetic...

fire, Airborne Forward Air Control
Forward air control
Forward air control is the provision of guidance to Close Air Support aircraft intended to ensure that their attack hits the intended target and does not injure friendly troops. This task is carried out by a forward air controller . For NATO forces the qualifications and experience required to be...

ler (ABFAC) directing ground-attack aircraft, casualty evacuation, liaison, and command and control, and communications relay.

The Gazelle flown by the British Army Air Corps has recently been enhanced with a Direct Voice Input
Direct Voice Input
Direct Voice Input is a style of Human-Machine Interaction "HMI" in which the user makes voice commands to issue instructions to the machine...

(DVI) system developed by QinetiQ
QinetiQ
QinetiQ is an international defence technology company, formed from the greater part of the former UK government agency, Defence Evaluation and Research Agency , when it was split up in June 2001...

. It allows for voice control of avionics equipment using standard aircrew helmet microphones and intercom. Being speaker independent, the system does not need to be trained to recognize a specific user. This means high command recognition rates may be achieved whether or not the user has operated the system before. It gives aircrew the ability to control aircraft systems using voice commands and access information without removing their hands from the flight controls or their eyes from the outside world.

Gazelles were also manufactured in Egypt
Egypt
Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia...

by ABHCO and in Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia is a term that describes three political entities that existed successively on the western part of Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century....

by SOKO
SOKO
SOKO was an aircraft factory situated in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It gained prominence in Yugoslavia.-Products:* Soko 522* Soko S-55-5 Mk...

.
Operational history

France

The French army deployed the Gazelle on many occasions, especially during interventions in Africa
Africa
Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area...

and peacekeeping
Peacekeeping
Peacekeeping is defined by the United Nations as "a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the Organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict create the conditions for lasting peace"...

operations. This includes Chad
Chad
Chad , officially known as the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west...

(1980s), the former Yugoslavia
Former Yugoslavia
Former Yugoslavia consists of the states succeeding the collapse of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992. These countries are, listed geographically from northwest to southeast:* Republic of Slovenia...

(1990s), Djibouti
Djibouti
Djibouti , officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast...

(1991-1992), Somalia
Somalia
Somalia , officially the Republic of Somalia and formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic under communist rule, is a country located in the Horn of Africa...

(1993) and Cote d'Ivoire
Côte d'Ivoire
The Republic of , commonly known in English as Ivory Coast, is a country in West Africa. It has an area of 322,462 km2, and borders the countries of Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana; its southern boundary is along the Gulf of Guinea...

(2002-Present). During Operation Desert Storm, HOT-carrying Gazelles were used against Iraqi armour
Armour
Armour or armor is protective covering used to prevent damage from being inflicted to an object, individual or a vehicle through use of direct contact weapons or projectiles, usually during combat, or from damage caused by a potentionally dangerous environment or action Personal armour is used to...

.



Iraq

Iraq received an important number of Gazelles and HOT missiles in the '70s and '80s. They were used intensively in the Iran–Iraq War. During the Gulf War
Gulf War
The Gulf War , was a war waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from thirty-four nations led by the United States, against Iraq, with the expressed purpose of expelling Iraqi forces from Kuwait after its invasion and annexation on 2 August 1990.This war has also been referred to The Gulf War...

they saw little use, because of Allied air supremacy.



Syria

Syrian Gazelles were used during 1982 Lebanon War
1982 Lebanon War
The 1982 Lebanon War , , called Operation Peace for Galilee by Israel, and later known in Israel as the Lebanon War and First Lebanon War, began on 6 June 1982, when the Israel Defense Forces invaded southern Lebanon...

. They had large success against Israel
Israel
Israel , officially the State of Israel , is a country in Western Asia located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon in the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank in the east, the Gaza Strip and Egypt on the southwest, and contains geographically diverse...

i armour, while suffering medium losses.



United Kingdom

The Gazelle was used in combat in the Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
The Falkland Islands are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean, located about from the coast of mainland South America, from mainland Antarctica, and from Africa. The archipelago, consisting of East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 lesser islands, is a self-governing Overseas Territory of...

, Kuwait
Kuwait
The State of Kuwait is a sovereign Arab emirate situated in the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and Iraq to the north and lies on the northwestern shore of the Persian Gulf. The name Kuwait is derived from the Arabic "akwat", the...

, Iraq
Iraq
Iraq , officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert.Iraq is bordered by Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan to the west, Syria to the...

and Kosovo
Kosovo
Kosovo is a disputed territory in the Balkans. The partially-recognised Republic of Kosovo , a self-declared independent state, has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo...

and with 8 Flight Army Air Corps
8 Flight Army Air Corps
8 Flight Army Air Corps is one of the Independent Flights within the British Army's Army Air Corps. 8 Flight is attached to the Special Air Service and based alongside them in Hereford....

in support of 22 Special Air Service
Special Air Service
The Special Air Service or SAS is a special forces regiment of the British Army that has served as a model for the special forces of other countries...

Regiment. It was also used for air patrols in Northern Ireland. British Gazelles were only armed when used in the Falklands, where they were fitted with machine guns and rocket pods, but these were not used.


Ex-Yugoslavia

SA 341/342 Gazelle GAMA (Yugoslav version) was used by Republika Srpska Air Force
Republika Srpska Air Force
Commonly known by its previous name of Ratno Vazduhoplovstva i Protivvazdušna Odbrana Vojska Republike Srpske or by its short version of RV i PVO RS, since June 1, 2004 the Republika Srpska Air Force is officially called:...

and Republika Srpska Krajna Militia Air Force during the Yugoslav civil wars (1991-1995), and by the Yugoslav air force during the Kosovo war
Kosovo War
The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is used to describe two sequential, and at times parallel, armed conflicts in Kosovo. From early 1998 to 1999, the war was between Yugoslav police forces, Yugoslav paramilitaries, and the Yugoslav military, and the Kosovo Albanian rebel guerillas...

.



Lebanon

The Gazelle was used by the Lebanese Air Force
Lebanese Air Force
The Lebanese Air Force is the aerial warfare branch of the Lebanese Armed Forces. The seal of the air force is constituted of a Roundel with two wings and a Lebanese Cedar tree, surrounded by two laurel leaves on a blue background.-History:The Lebanese Air Force was established in 1949 under the...

against the Al Qaeda-inspired militants of Fatah al-Islam
Fatah al-Islam
Fatah al-Islam, is a radical Sunni Islamist group that first formed in November 2006. It has been described as a militant jihadist movement that draws inspiration from al-Qaeda...

during the battle of Nahr el-Bared
2007 Lebanon conflict
The 2007 Lebanon conflict began when fighting broke out between Fatah al-Islam, an Islamist militant organization, and the Lebanese Armed Forces on May 20, 2007 in Nahr al-Bared, an UNRWA Palestinian refugee camp near Tripoli. It was the most severe internal fighting since Lebanon's 1975–90 civil...

.



Ireland

The Irish Air Corps
Irish Air Corps
The Irish Air Corps is the air component of Irish Defence Forces providing support to the Army and Naval Service, together with roles such as Search and Rescue and the Ministerial Air Transport Service...

formerly operated two Gazelle helicopters as pilot training aircraft.


Variants

SA 340

First prototype, first flown on 7 April 1967 with a conventional Alouette type tail rotor.


SA 341

Four pre-production machines. First flown on 2 August 1968. The third was equipped to British Army
British Army
The British Army is the land armed forces branch of Her Majesty's Armed Forces in the United Kingdom. It came into being with the unification of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. The new British Army incorporated Regiments that had already existed in...

requirements and assembled in France as the prototype Gazelle AH.1. This was first flown on 28 April 1970.


SA 341.1001

First French production machine. Initial test flight 6 August 1971. Featured a longer cabin, an enlarged tail unit and an uprated Turbomeca Astazou
Turbomeca Astazou
The Turbomeca Astazou is a highly-successful series of turboprop and turboshaft engines, first run in 1957. The original version weighed 110 kg and developed 240 kW at 40,000 rpm. It was admitted for aviation service on May 29th, 1961 after a 150h test run. The main developing engineer was G....

IIIA engine.


SA 341B (Westland Gazelle AH.1)

Version built for the British Army; Featured the Astazou IIIN engine, a nightsun searchlight and Decca Doppler 80 Radar. First Westland
Westland
-Places:*Westland District, New Zealand**Informally, the name is often used for the entire West Coast Region, of which the Westland District is a part**Westland a former parliamentary electorate in the above area*Westland, Shetland...

assembled version flown on 31 January 1972, this variant entered service on 6 July 1974. A total of 158 were produced.


SA 341C (Westland Gazelle HT.2)

Training helicopter version built for British Fleet Air Arm
Fleet Air Arm
The Fleet Air Arm is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of aircraft. The Fleet Air Arm operates the AgustaWestland Merlin, Westland Sea King and Westland Lynx helicopters, as well as the Harrier GR7/GR9...

; Features included the Astazou IIIN engine, a stability augmentation system and a hoist. First flown on 6 July 1972, this variant entered operational service on 10 December 1974. A total of 30 were produced.


SA 341D (Westland Gazelle HT.3)

Training helicopter version built for British Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
The Royal Air Force is the United Kingdom's air force, the oldest independent air force in the world. Formed on 1 April 1918, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history ever since, playing a large part in World War II and in more recent conflicts.The RAF operates 1,112...

; Featuring the same engine and stability system as the 341C, this version was first delivered on 16 July 1973. A total of 14 were produced.


SA 341E (Westland Gazelle HCC.4)

Communications helicopter version built for British Royal Air Force; Only 1 example of this variant was produced.


SA 341F

Version built for the French Army
French Army
The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre , is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and its largest. As of 2010, the army employs 112,860 personnel, making the French army the 2nd largest in the European Union after the British Army and the 4th largest in NATO after the Armies...

; Featuring the Astazou IIIC engine, 166 of these were produced. Some of these were fitted with an M621 20-mm cannon
M621 cannon
The M621 is a 20 mm automatic cannon of French design, developed by Nexter as on-board armament for armored vehicles, aircraft, helicopters and small coastal vessels of the French Navy....

.



SA 341G

Civil variant, powered by an Astazou IIIA engine. Officially certificated on 7 June 1972; subsequently became first helicopter to obtain single-pilot IFR Cat 1
Instrument Landing System
An instrument landing system is a ground-based instrument approach system that provides precision guidance to an aircraft approaching and landing on a runway, using a combination of radio signals and, in many cases, high-intensity lighting arrays to enable a safe landing during instrument...

approval in the US. Also developed into "Stretched Gazelle" with the cabin modified to allow an additional 8 inches (20cm) legroom for the rear passengers.


SA 341H

Military export variant, powered by an Astazou IIIB engine. Built under licence agreement signed on 1 October 1971 by SOKO
SOKO
SOKO was an aircraft factory situated in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. It gained prominence in Yugoslavia.-Products:* Soko 522* Soko S-55-5 Mk...

in Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia is a term that describes three political entities that existed successively on the western part of Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century....

.

SOKO HO-42

Yugoslav-built version of SA 341H.

SOKO HI-42 Hera

Yugoslav-built scout version of SA 341H.

SOKO HN-42M Gama

Yugoslav-built attack version of SA 341H.

SOKO HN-45M Gama 2

Yugoslav-built attack version of SA 342L.

SOKO HS-42

Yugoslav-built medic version of SA 341H.


SA 342J

Civil version of SA 342L. This was fitted with the more powerful 649kW (870shp) Astazou XIV engine and an improved Fenestron
Fenestron
A Fenestron is a shrouded tail rotor of a helicopter that is essentially a ducted fan. The housing is integral with the tail skin, and, like the conventional tail rotor it replaces, is intended to counteract the torque of the main rotor...

tail rotor. With an increased take-off weight, this variant was approved on 24 April 1976 and entered service in 1977.


SA 342K

Military export version for "hot and dry areas". Fitted with the more powerful 649-kW (870-shp) Astazou XIV engine and shrouds over the air intakes. First flown on 11 May 1973; initially sold to Kuwait
Kuwait
The State of Kuwait is a sovereign Arab emirate situated in the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and Iraq to the north and lies on the northwestern shore of the Persian Gulf. The name Kuwait is derived from the Arabic "akwat", the...

.


SA 342L

Military companion of the SA 342J. fitted with the Astazou XIV engine. Adaptable for many armaments and equipment, including six Euromissile HOT anti-tank missiles.



SA 342M

French Army
French Army
The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre , is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and its largest. As of 2010, the army employs 112,860 personnel, making the French army the 2nd largest in the European Union after the British Army and the 4th largest in NATO after the Armies...

anti-tank version fitted with the Astazou XIV engine. Armed with four Euromissile
Euromissile
Euromissile was a European consortium set up in the 1970s by DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG of Germany and Aérospatiale of France to produce the Euromissile HOT anti-tank missile. All activities have been merged and are now part of MBDA....

HOT missiles
Euromissile HOT
The HOT is a second-generation long-range anti-tank missile system developed originally as an effort to meet a joint German-French Army requirement, by the then German firm Bolkow and the French firm Nord, to replace the older SS.11 wire guided...

and a SFIM APX M397 stabilised sight.

SA 342M1

Standard SA 342M retrofitted with three Ecureuil main blades to improve performance.


Military operators

:

* People's Air and Air Defence Force of Angola
People's Air and Air Defence Force of Angola
The National Air Force of Angola is the air branch of the Armed Forces of Angola....

operates about 7 aircraft.


:

* Air Force and Anti-Aircraft Defense operates 4 aircraft


:

* Burundi Army Aviation
Military of Burundi
The Military of Burundi consists of the Army and the Gendarmerie. The naval and air units are incorporated within the Army.- General information :Military branches:Army , paramilitary Gendarmerie...

operates 2 aircraft.


:

* Cameroon Air Force
Cameroon Air Force
The Cameroon Air Force is the air force of the African nation of Cameroon. The Cameroon Air Force, along with the Cameroon Army, the Cameroon Navy , the National Gendarmerie, and the Presidential Guard make up the Cameroonian Armed Forces.-Organization:The Cameroon Air Force was established in...

operates 2 aircraft.


:

* Cypriot National Guard Air component operates 4 aircraft.


:

* Ecuadorian Army
Ecuadorian Army
The Ecuadorian Army is the land component of the Ecuadorian Armed Forces. Its 24,135 soldiers are sensibly deployed in relation to its military doctrine...

operates about 20 aircraft.


:

* Egyptian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
The Egyptian Air Force, or EAF , is the aviation branch of the Egyptian Armed Forces. The EAF is headed by an Air Marshal . Currently, the commander of the Egyptian Air Force is Air Marshal Reda Mahmoud Hafez Mohamed...

operates about 84 aircraft.


:

* French Army
French Army
The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre , is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and its largest. As of 2010, the army employs 112,860 personnel, making the French army the 2nd largest in the European Union after the British Army and the 4th largest in NATO after the Armies...


:

* Gabon Air Force
Military of Gabon
The African country of Gabon has a small, professional military of about 5,000 personnel, divided into army, navy, air force, gendarmerie, and national police. Gabonese forces are oriented to the defense of the country and have not been trained for an offensive role...

operates 5 aircraft.


:

* Guinea Air Force
Military of Guinea
The Republic of Guinea Armed Forces are the armed forces of Guinea. They are responsible for the territorial security of Guinea's border and the defence of the country against external attack and aggression....

operates 1 aircraft.


* Iraqi Air Force
Iraqi Air Force
The Iraqi Air Force or IQAF is the military branch in Iraq responsible for the policing of international borders, surveillance of national assets and aerial operations...

operates 6 aircraft.



* Kenya Air Force
Kenya Air Force
The Kenya Air Force is the national Air Force of Kenya.The main airbase operating fighters is Laikipia Air Base in Nanyuki, while Moi Air Base in Eastleigh, Nairobi is another major base used by the Kenya Air Force.- Fleet :...

, 1 in service in 2009


:

* Kuwait Air Force
Kuwait Air Force
The Kuwait Air Force is the air arm of the State of Kuwait. The Air Force headquarters is located at Al Mubarak Air Base, with the remaining forces stationed at Air Defence Brigade, Ali Al Salem Air Base and Ahmed Al Jaber Air Base...

operates 13 aircraft.


* Lebanese Air Force
Lebanese Air Force
The Lebanese Air Force is the aerial warfare branch of the Lebanese Armed Forces. The seal of the air force is constituted of a Roundel with two wings and a Lebanese Cedar tree, surrounded by two laurel leaves on a blue background.-History:The Lebanese Air Force was established in 1949 under the...

operates 8 helicopters equipped with HOT missiles, 68 mm rocket pods, and heavy machine guns. Lebanon signed a contract with Eurotech in January 2010 to revamp and upgrade 13 Gazelles of the original and ex-UAE deliveries.


:

* Air Defense
Military of Montenegro
The Military of Montenegro consists of an army, navy and air force. Conscription was abolished in 2006; the military is now a fully professional standing army....

operates 17 aircraft


:

* Royal Moroccan Air Force
Royal Moroccan Air Force
The Royal Moroccan Air Force is the air force branch of the Moroccan Armed Forces.- The beginnings:...

operates 24 aircraft.


* Qatar Air Force


:

* Serbian Air Force
Serbian Air Force
The Serbian Air Force and Air Defence is the air force of Serbia and the part of Serbian Armed Forces. It consists of an array of combat aircraft, cargo aircraft, reconnaissance aircraft, UAV, combat helicopters, cargo/utility helicopters, radars and SAMs....

operates 61 aircraft
o 252. Mixed-Aviation Squadron
o 138. Mixed-Transport-Aviation Squadron
o 714. Anti-Armour Helicopter Squadron
o 119. Combined-Arms Helicopter Squadron


:

* Syrian Air Force
Syrian Air Force
The Syrian Air Force is the Aviation branch of the Syrian armed forces.-Markings:The roundel used by the Syrian Air Force has the same basic design as that used by the Egyptian Air Force. It consists of three concentric circles, with a red outer, white middle and black inner...

operates 38 aircraft.


* Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force
Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force
The Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force is the military organisation responsible for the defence of the twin island Republic of Trinidad and Tobago...


* Tunisian Air Force
Tunisian Air Force
The Tunisian Air Force is one of the branches of the Tunisian Armed Forces.-Air force:The Tunisian Air Force was established in 1959, three years after Tunisia regained its independence from France. It took deliveries of its first aircraft, eight Saab 91 Safirs, in 1960, later to be complemented...


:

* United Arab Emirates Air Force
United Arab Emirates Air Force
The United Arab Emirates Air Force is the air force of the United Arab Emirates. Its predecessor formation was established in 1968 when the Emirates were still under British rule and since then saw a continual reorganization and expansion in terms of both capability and aircraft numbers...

operates 1 aircraft.


:

* Army Air Corps - Current Units;
o 2 Regiment AAC (Trg), 671 Sqn
o 5 Regiment AAC (NI), 665 Sqn
o Canada, 29 (BATUS) Flight
o Germany, 12 Flight


Law Enforcement operators

:Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska is one of two main political entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina...

* Republika Srpska Police
Law enforcement in Republika Srpska
The Ministry of Interior of Republika Srpska is the interior ministry of the Republika Srpska entity in Bosnia and Herzegovina.-External links:**...

operates 4 aircraft


:

* Montenegro Police
Law enforcement in Montenegro
Law enforcement in Montenegro is primarily the responsibility of the Police Administration, a law enforcement agency under the authority of the Ministry of Interior and Public Administration. Headquartered in Podgorica, the Police Administration, with its 8,000 armed officers, provides security for...

operates 3 aircraft


:

* Serbian Police Helicopter unit
Helicopter unit of Serbian Ministry of Internal Affairs
Helicopter unit of Serbian Ministry of Internal Affairs is a unit of Serbian Ministry of Internal Affairs subordinated to Directorate of Police...

operates 13 aircraft


Former military operators

* Irish Air Corps
Irish Air Corps
The Irish Air Corps is the air component of Irish Defence Forces providing support to the Army and Naval Service, together with roles such as Search and Rescue and the Ministerial Air Transport Service...

- Two aircraft operated between 1979-2005


: Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska
Republika Srpska is one of two main political entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina...

:

*
o Republika Srpska Air Force
Republika Srpska Air Force
Commonly known by its previous name of Ratno Vazduhoplovstva i Protivvazdušna Odbrana Vojska Republike Srpske or by its short version of RV i PVO RS, since June 1, 2004 the Republika Srpska Air Force is officially called:...

operated about 20 helicopters, 16 passed to Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 4 passed to Republika Srpska police
o 728. Mixed-Helicopter Squadron
o 89. Mixed-Helicopter Squadron


* Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
The Royal Air Force is the United Kingdom's air force, the oldest independent air force in the world. Formed on 1 April 1918, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history ever since, playing a large part in World War II and in more recent conflicts.The RAF operates 1,112...

- 32
* Royal Marines
Royal Marines
The Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines, commonly just referred to as the Royal Marines , are the marine corps and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service...

* Royal Navy
Royal Navy
The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of HM Armed Forces . From the beginning of the 19th century until well into the 20th century it was the most powerful navy in the world, playing a key part in establishing the British Empire as the dominant world power from 1815 until the early 1940s...

- Fleet Air Arm
Fleet Air Arm
The Fleet Air Arm is the branch of the British Royal Navy responsible for the operation of aircraft. The Fleet Air Arm operates the AgustaWestland Merlin, Westland Sea King and Westland Lynx helicopters, as well as the Harrier GR7/GR9...


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* FR Yugoslav Air Force
Air Force of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro
The Air Force of Serbia and Montenegro , also named Air Force of Yugoslavia in the 1992-2003 period, was the air force of the former Serbia and Montenegro. It had around 300 fighter aircraft, ground attack aircraft, and other...

o 890. Mixed-Helicopter Squadron Pegazi
o 897. Mixed-Helicopter Squadron Stršljeni
o 712. Anti-Armour Helicopter Squadron Škorpioni
o 714. Anti-Armour Helicopter Squadron Senke


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* SFR Yugoslav Air Force
SFR Yugoslav Air Force
The Ratno vazduhoplovstvo i protiv vazdušna odbrana - RV i PVO SFRJ - SFR Yugoslav Air Force, sometimes simply called Jugoslovensko ratno vazduhoplovstvo or JRV but also known as the Former Yugoslav Air Force, was the air force of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia...

operated about 207 helicopters, passed to successor states
o 890. Transport Helicopter Squadron
o 782. Helicopter Squadron
o 782. Helicopter Squadron
o 783. Helicopter Squadron
o 712. Anti-Armour Helicopter Squadron
o 714. Anti-Armour Helicopter Squadron
o 333. Aviation Squadron
o 711. Anti-Armour Helicopter Squadron
o 713. Anti-Armour Helicopter Squadron
o EIV of 1st Army region
o EIV of 2nd Army region
o EIV of 3rd Army region
o EIV of Navy region


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* Slovenian Air Force and Air Defence
Slovenian Air Force and Air Defence
Slovenian Air Force and Air Defence is a part of the Slovenian Armed Forces. It is an integral part of the command structure, not an independent branch.-Duties:...

operated 1 aircraft from 1991 to 1996


Specifications (SA 341)

Popular culture

Two Gazelles were modified to star as a high-tech attack/surveillance helicopter
Blue Thunder (helicopter)
Blue Thunder is the title character in the 1980s American film and television series of the same name. The aircraft itself was a converted Aérospatiale Gazelle helicopter.-The Aérospatiale Gazelle:...

in the 1983 action-thriller film Blue Thunder
Blue Thunder
Blue Thunder is a 1983 feature film that features a high-tech helicopter of the same name. The movie was directed by John Badham and stars Roy Scheider...

, and in its short-lived television series spinoff
Blue Thunder (TV series)
Blue Thunder is a 1984 ABC TV series based on the movie of the same title featuring the Blue Thunder helicopter.The series used the converted Aérospatiale Gazelle helicopter and large portions of stock footage from the 1983 film. A ground unit named "Rolling Thunder" backed up the helicopter in...

. A Gazelle was used as part of the futuristic semi-truck in the television series The Highwayman
The Highwayman (TV series)
The Highwayman is an action-adventure themed television series starring Sam Jones, set in "the near future." It was created by Glen A. Larson and Douglas Heyes. The pilot aired in September 1987, and was followed by a short-lived series of nine episodes, with significant changes to the cast and...

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:iconemillie-wolf:
Emillie-Wolf Featured By Owner Jan 20, 2012
Waow ! C'est précis !
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:icontruemouse:
truemouse Featured By Owner Nov 26, 2010
Gazelle, made from 100% pure awesome.
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:iconpixel-pencil:
Pixel-pencil Featured By Owner Nov 23, 2010  Student General Artist
HOW DO YOU KNOW THAT?!
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