The MiG-35/MiG-35D exhibits the latest advancements on MiG-29K/KUB and MiG-29M/M2 fighters in combat efficiency enhancement, universality and operational characteristics improvement.
The main features of the new design are the fifth-generation information-sighting systems, compatibility with Russian and foreign origin weapons application and an integrated variety of defensive systems to increase combat survivability. The new overall design overtakes the design concepts of the baseline model and enables the new aircraft to conduct full-scale multi-role missions as their western counterparts.
New avionics are intended to allow the aircraft to retain air superiority against fourth- and fifth-generation fighters as well as to perform all-weather precision ground strikes, aerial reconnaissance with opto-electronic and radar equipment and to conduct complex joint missions. The new aircraft has greater weapons load on nine pylons, increased fuel capacity, better anti-corrosion protection, significantly reduced radar signature and a quadruply-redundant fly-by-wire control system.
Responding to earlier criticism, the new design is substantially more reliable than the previous variants. The airframe lifetime and its service life have been extended and it is fitted with new engines with longer mean time between overhauls (MTBO), resulting in a decrease in flight-hour cost of almost 2.5 times compared to those of the old variants. The new engines are now smokeless and include a FADEC type electronic control system for better performance. All aspect vector nozzles which had been demonstrated on MiG-29OVT are also optional.
Other technological improvements were also introduced to enhance the aircraft's ability to conduct independent operations. For example, an airborne oxygen generation plant was added. RAC MiG and the Italian company Elettronica signed a Memorandum of Understanding to provide the MIG-35 with a new multifunction self-protection jammer.
Furthermore, the RAC MiG engineers developed a set of training simulators to help pilots master the sophisticated controls of the new aircraft. The simulators offer interactive computer-based training systems and offer full-mission motion simulation.
The first demonstrator, a dual-seat aircraft, was built on an existing MiG-29M2 airframe, which previously served as a demonstrator for modifications designated MiG-29MRCA and MiG-29M2. It was presented for the first time at an international air show when the aircraft was unveiled at Aero India 2007.
 Unveiling at Aero India 2007
Main article: Indian MRCA Competition
Russia unveiled the MiG-35 at the Aero India 2007 airshow in Bangalore, amid Moscow's keenness to sell these planes to India. It was reported that the MiG-35 made its way from Moscow to Bangalore in less than three hours, assisted by in-flight refueling on the way and flying at supersonic speeds.
The MiG-35 is a contender with the Eurofighter Typhoon, F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, Dassault Rafale, JAS 39 Gripen and F-16 Falcon for the bid of more than 126 multirole combat aircraft (MRCA) to be procured by the Indian Air Force.
Aero India 2007 was the first time that the final version of the MiG-35 fighter was displayed in an international air show. Until then, only the prototype of the MiG-35 had been shown to the public at air shows in Russia and the UK in 2005.
The most important changes are the Phazotron Zhuk-AE active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, the RD-33MK engines and the newly designed Optical Locator System (OLS). Other obvious changes in the cockpit are the reduction in analog electronics.
The RD-33MK "Morskaya Osa" (Russian: Морская Оса: "Sea Wasp") was installed by the new modification. It is the latest version of the RD-33 and was intended to power the MiG-29K and MiG-29KUB. It has 7% more power compared to the baseline model due to the use of modern materials in the cooled blades, providing a higher thrust of 9,000 kgf. In response to earlier criticism, the new engines are smokeless and include systems that reduce infrared and optical visibility. The engines may be fitted with vectored-thrust nozzles, which would result an increase in combat efficiency by 12 to 15%.
Analog electronics are minimized, being replaced by 3 equal-size colour liquid-crystal (LCD) multi-function displays (MFDs) and an additional display for the OLS (the MiG-35D rear cockpit has four LCDs).
New modifications include the newly rolled-out Phazotron Zhuk-AE active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar and an optronic complex consisting of the newly designed OLS to replace the previous IRST sensor, an additional OLS under the right air intake, and a pair of laser emission detectors on each wing tip.
The new airborne AESA radar offers a wider range of operating frequencies, providing more resistance to electronic countermeasures (ECM), more detection range, more air and ground targets detected, tracked and able to be engaged simultaneously
The OLS, a new development from space technologies, incorporates a helmet-mounted target designation system providing targeting solutions for both ground and air targets in the forward and aft hemispheres of the aircraft. The most vital difference from the previous IRST sensor is that the new device provides not only a better operation range but also offers manually switchable display options of IR view, TV mode or a mix of both that had significantly improved man-machine coordination. The OLS on the nose serve as the IRST while the OLS under the right air intake served as the ground strike designator.
 Summary statistic of the OLS
In air combat, the optronic suite allows:
* Detection of non-afterburning targets at 45 km range and more; * Identification of those targets at 8 to 10 km range; and * Estimates of aerial target range at up to 15 km.
For ground targets, the suite allows:
* A tank-effective detection range up to 15 km, and aircraft carrier detection at 60 to 80 km; * Identification of the tank type on the 8 to 10 km range, and of an aircraft carrier at 40 to 60 km; and * Estimates of ground target range of up to 20 km.
The defensive system equipment consists of radar reconnaissance, electronic countermeasures, and optical systems notably the laser emission detector on each wingtip which are able to detect and evaluate the approaching danger and operate decoy dispensers to counteract the approaching threat in the radar and infrared ranges.
The aircraft is designed to be compatible with foreign avionics and weapon systems.
The MiG-35 is currently in development. Information listed below is preliminary and may change.
Data from Aero India, ASD-network, and MiG-29M2 data
* Crew: One or Two * Length: 19 m (62 ft 4 in) * Wingspan: 15 m (49 ft 3 in) * Height: 6 m (19 ft 8 in) * Empty weight: 15,000 kg (33,069 lb) * Max takeoff weight: 22,700 kg (50,076 lb) * Powerplant: 2× Klimov RD-33MK afterburning turbofans, 8,900 kgf (19,620 lbf) each
* Maximum speed: Mach 2.4 (2,556 km/h, 1,587 mph at altitude) * Range: 2,000 km, 1242 mi (with 3 external tanks 3,100 km, 1,926 mi) * Service ceiling 18,900 m (62,000 ft) * Rate of climb: 330 m/s (65,000 ft/min)
* 1x 30 mm GSh-30-1 cannon with 250 rounds * Nine weapon pylons for R-27, R-60, R-73, R-77, TV and Laser-Guided Air to ground missiles and bombs inclusive of one centerline pylon. * Up to 14000 lb of bombs
* Phazotron Zhuk AE radar * NII PP Optical Locator System
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