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December 9, 2012
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Shenyang J-31 Gyrfalcon by bagera3005 Shenyang J-31 Gyrfalcon by bagera3005
Shenyang J-31 Gyrfalcon

The Shenyang J-31 (F60),[1][4] rumored to be nicknamed "Gyrfalcon" (鹘鹰), or Falcon Eagle,[5] is a twin-engine, mid-size Fifth-generation jet fighter currently under development by Shenyang Aircraft Corporation. A photo of a model labeled F-60 was posted on the Internet in September 2011.[6] In June 2012, photos and camera video clips about a heavily overwrapped possible F-60 prototype being road-transferred on a highway started to emerge on internet, though some suspect it of mere being a L-15 trainer aircraft.[7] Pictures of a possibly fully assembled aircraft parking on an airfield emerged on September 1516, 2012.[8][9] The F-60 is reported to be the export version, where the J-31 would be the domestic Chinese version of the same fighter.[10]

With the maiden test flight of the prototype No.31001 on October 31, 2012, China became the second nation after the 1991 Advanced Tactical Fighter fly off, to have field-tested two stealth fighter design

Operational history
Testing

The J-31 made its maiden flight on Oct 31, 2012[2][22] It was accompanied by two J-11 fighters in a ten-minute test flight with its landing gear lowered. Prior to the flight, it conducted a high-speed taxiing and then became airborne.[23]
Strategic implications

The appearance of the J-31 may cause neighboring countries to consider again the purchase of the F-35.[24][25][26][27]

A quarter sized model of the J-31 was shown at the China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition 2012, hinting at a desire to offer the aircraft for export, as an alternative for those countries that cannot purchase the F-35.[28][29] AVIC confirmed at the exhibition that the aircraft was intended for export, after the failure of the CAC/PAC JF-17 Thunder to win export orders so far.[30][31]
Specifications (estimated)

Because the aircraft is in development, these specifications are speculated based from the available images.

Data from Chris Pocock[32] and Aviation Week.[33]

General characteristics

Crew: one (pilot)
Length: 16.9 m (55 ft 5 in)
Wingspan: 11.5 m (37 ft 9 in)
Height: 4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)
Wing area: 40 m2 (430 sq ft)
Powerplant: 2 Klimov RD-93 afterburning Turbofans (Presumably domestic engines such as the Guizhou WS-13 would be used for production aircraft.)
Maximum speed: Mach 1.8
Combat range: 1,250 km (777 mi; 675 nmi) internal fuel (2000 km one refuel)
Ferry range: 4,000 km (2,485 mi; 2,160 nmi)

Armament

None on prototype, apparently will have 12 hardpoints. (Four are internal for "low observable" missions.)
Add a Comment:
 
:icon678091:
678091 Featured By Owner Jan 17, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Its a multirole that is equally as well in air to air and air to ground (AKA the Anti-F35)
Reply
:iconmrwonderworks:
MrWonderWorks Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
Make This As A COBRA/HYDRA Vehicle.
Reply
:iconbagera3005:
bagera3005 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2014  Professional Interface Designer
your bit late look in joe folder
Reply
:iconmrwonderworks:
MrWonderWorks Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
Aw!
Reply
:iconhyppthe:
HYPPthe Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2014
Awesome work. Hopefully the J-31 won't turn out to be a disaster. With next to no disclosed info, one can only assume that the J-20 and J-31 programs are running into alot of technical trouble.
Reply
:iconbagera3005:
bagera3005 Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2014  Professional Interface Designer
its got  underpowered  engines just like your j-10 will not help it in thrust band or running from a side winder
Reply
:iconlouis-the-hedgehog:
Louis-the-Hedgehog Featured By Owner Sep 4, 2013
Looks like a twin-engine copy of the F35.
Reply
:iconbagera3005:
bagera3005 Featured By Owner Sep 4, 2013  Professional Interface Designer
same here most likey trying to make up for there under powered engines
Reply
:iconmidway2009:
Midway2009 Featured By Owner Dec 20, 2012  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
I think it's China's own F-35 version.
Reply
:iconbagera3005:
bagera3005 Featured By Owner Dec 21, 2012  Professional Interface Designer
yep
Reply
:iconmidway2009:
Midway2009 Featured By Owner Dec 21, 2012  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
It sure is. :)
Reply
:iconblacktailfa:
BlacktailFA Featured By Owner Dec 16, 2012
I've weighed the known and estimated data of the J-31 against the F-35A, and what I found was rather surprising; the J-31's design suggests that it has an even heavier emphasis on air-to-ground combat than the F-35A has.
Reply
:iconcrimsonfalke:
CrimsonFALKE Featured By Owner May 3, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
so something to replace the fantan?
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 22, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
You didn't wait for the final prototype that comes with their own indigenous engines, with higher ratio of thrust and vectoring (WS-13)?
Reply
:iconblacktailfa:
BlacktailFA Featured By Owner Dec 26, 2012
The WS-13G was the engine used in my estimate. This gave the J-31 a huge advantage in thrust/weight, but assuming it weighs about 30000lbs at empty weight (that's my estimate), it's wing loading is consistently higher than the F-35A (which weighs only a few-hundred pounds less).

The only thing the J-31 has going for it in the horizontal is it's thrust-vectoring nozzles.
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 26, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
It's like a debate of J-10 being a little bigger and using a heavier engine than Lavi, making it less capable to maneuver as F-16 did, because of the size and weight. Well, I agree with that for the design of the single-engine aircraft. It's more likely a problem of the thrust control when F-35 maintaining the superior acceleration, but lacks of the top speed even in high altitude. It's more likely J-31 need as less aerodynamic resistance as it could do, so it is equipped with two smaller engines with sloped back. The drawback is the fuel inefficiency and even more limited cargo loadout than F-35. It may join the major air comabat, but only for initial wave of attack.
Reply
:icontounushi:
Tounushi Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012
Will be interested to see how this'll stack up against the PAK FA and the F-22.
Reply
:iconpassin:
Passin Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2012
Cool
Reply
:iconzerorm:
ZeroRM Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2012
The name appears to be an Ace Combat 3 reference.
Reply
:iconhtc-master:
HTC-Master Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2013  Professional Artist
You mean the F-16XF?
Reply
:iconzerorm:
ZeroRM Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2013
Yep, I was referring to the second part of the name though.  The J-31 part has no connection.
Reply
:iconhtc-master:
HTC-Master Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2013  Professional Artist
Ah, I see, there's no connection between the F-16XF and the J-31 after all.
Reply
:iconzerorm:
ZeroRM Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2013
I know; just noticed the name.
Reply
:iconhtc-master:
HTC-Master Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2014  Professional Artist
OK.
Reply
:iconhtc-master:
HTC-Master Featured By Owner Dec 31, 2013  Professional Artist
You mean the F-16XF.
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
Funny thing is one of the mythical creature "Gryphon" (Griffin) is also being called as "Gyrphon", based on some creature design are actually took reference from gyrfalcon.
Reply
:iconzerorm:
ZeroRM Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012
Still, Gyrfalcon is the name of a plane in Ace Combat 3.
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
That too. :)
Reply
:iconzerorm:
ZeroRM Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012
But you know, I would respect China if they didn't copy everything from everyone else.

Here's some examples of such copies:

J-8 (MiG-21)

J-10 (JAS-39 Grippen)

J-20 (MiG-1.44 MFI)

And the J-31, a bastardized hodgpodge of F-22 and F-35 parts.
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
"J-8 (MiG-21)"
You mean Su-15. The J-7 is an exact clone of MiG-21 from Soviet Union, and it's licensed to produce just as the technical support ends at the same year. The J-8 is used to be a real-ugly design thanks by keeping the MiG-21 configuration with one more engine (for greater speed to intercept any strategic bombers or fighters during the cold war), but they they did refined and keep using it until now. They don't even know what Su-15 is when developing it in this decade.

"J-10 (JAS-39 Grippen)"
Well, I heard too many "The J-10 is copy of XXXX" around, and guess what, the "XXXX" is stands for whatever the fighter jets that looks like the design of these: Lavi, Rafale, Typhoon, Gripen... mostly Lavi. The J-10 is the sister-project of J-9, which is also the canard configuration, and much bigger, yet uglier design. The J-9 is scraped thanks by the US:

1, They're no longer support PRC since 1989, and turn all developing armament for China into trash.

2, Israel is developing Lavi and caught by US, they cannot built it under the political pressure, and decide to sold the blueprint to China.

They can't get F110 engine (used for F-14, F-15 and F-16) for J-9 and Lavi, so the sister project is started for design the same concept of plane with the technical data of Lavi, and Russian engine (AL-31). It's one of the most secretive project ever developed for Chinese Air Force until 2009.

"J-20 (MiG-1.44 MFI)"

Well, the CEO of MiG did announced that they never had any technical data of 1.44 had transferred to China, when this rumor spreads by global medias. It's also rumored that the J-20 is a sister-project of J-14 (almost all the concept pictures are canard configuration), same as J-9 and J-10. The reason of designing that way is simple: they knew how to built jets with canards, and it's the best alternative to design that way to allow better and stabler maneuverability, besides using vector-thrusting engines. It's also aim for multi-roles with bigger internal cargo based on the air-superiority performance, purposed to intercept high-value targets, and they won't put it into main battle.

"And the J-31, a bastardized hodgpodge of F-22 and F-35 parts.

Well, that because SAC want to built a jet aim for F-22, that's their intention thanks by the now-dead CEO's ambition. This I must agree they're seems too likely to develop a fighter jet favoring the same performance of F-22, with smaller, and cheaper parts that aim for export same as F-35. It's not supported and funded by PLA, but again, ambition did make then really going for developing it.
Reply
:icons7alker117:
S7alker117 Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2012  Hobbyist Writer
Gyrfalcon is a very nice name for this bird.

I actually like it, if just from a visual standpoint. :)
Reply
:iconronin201:
Ronin201 Featured By Owner Dec 9, 2012
*cough cough* attempt to duplicate the F-22 *cough cough*
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
Lots of people say that when J-20 appears, Sukhoi T-50 seconded, and even before, ATD are being called so.
Reply
:icontemplar127:
templar127 Featured By Owner Dec 9, 2012
NICE! Reminds me of Black Ops 2!
Reply
:iconrazgriz3:
Razgriz3 Featured By Owner Dec 9, 2012
Can you say Knock off.....
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
Oops, wrong company, RD-93 is from Klimov.
Reply
:iconrazgriz3:
Razgriz3 Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012
give them 2 weeks.
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
To install WS-13s into J-31? I hope so. (the development of WS-13 was started long ago and shown in 2008, it's a whole different engine, sized in between RD-93 and AL-31, even with vector thrusting.)
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
Saturn worker: Hey, they didn't knock our engines off yet!
Reply
:icongenesisstar20:
GenesisStar20 Featured By Owner Dec 9, 2012  Hobbyist General Artist
It looks similar to the F-22.
Reply
:icontank50us:
Tank50us Featured By Owner Dec 9, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
like Bagera pointed out, the Chinese attempted to hack our servers and steel data on the Raptor/Lightning. Little do they know... they got flawed data ;)
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
Stolen from 2009 and then get it totally "replicated" in 3 years? Even it's "Chinese Speed", doesn't mean it's suppose to be quick.

Most of the new fighter projects are all started since 90s, and get it done 20 years later, which is current decade. If that's true, that could explain about the F-117 crash related to Chinese stealth technology by several medias, yet it is not the actual case. The real issue is what SAC aimed for the greater ambition for aviation industries, doubtlessly say they want something like, or better than F-22 as their goal.

It's not approved by PLAAF, but for SAC's serious ambition, they will still developing it without military funding.
Reply
:icontank50us:
Tank50us Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
Honestly, I doubt they could produce a Raptor killer, atleast not in a straight up dogfight anyway. The F-22's got it where it counts in both BVR combat, and close-in combat. NTM, over 30yrs of combat experience with stealth technology designed into it (with F-15 Vets being first picks for the F-22 program). Meanwhile, the Chinese are playing catch up when it comes to stealth fighters. Conversely, they know our dependence on AWACS and Tankers, and if they can't take the Raptor, they can certainly take out its support.

The thing that makes this bird a threat though, is not it's capabilities, but its cost. It's going to be far cheaper then a Raptor is, and that translates to several nations jumping at the chance to buy them the moment they become available. And the Chinese aren't going to be picky about who can buy them so long as the check clears.
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 12, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
Oops, typo. Not Shanghai or Shangkoi, it's Shenyang and Shenkoi.
Reply
:icondystatic-studio:
Dystatic-Studio Featured By Owner Dec 12, 2012  Professional Digital Artist
What I mean "aim for F-22" is not about to encountering F-22, it's more likely to prove their maximum effort and industrial ability of SAC that they could produce as complicate as F-22 and F-35, aka a product of milestone. SAC is a lot more famous to be recalled as "Shanghoi" in China because they built the replicated-looking of J-8 (Su-15), J-11 (Su-27) and J-15 (Su-33), which is mostly from Sukhoi. They want to develop something that put all trace of Russian designs away from newer fighter development, and J-31 would be a perfect example (if not counting on RD-93s for the final product).

The death of Luo Yang (罗阳) after the successful test of J-15 on carrier deck does shown his actual ambition: he want to end the so-called title of "Shanghoi" by targeting the development as similar as F-22 to become a recent goal.

As for the export, SAC is really poor with it thanks by the bought-by-no-one of J-8 and potential copyright violation of J-11. So the price tag maybe unstable for trading from the time being. Still, if the PLAAF does interested again it may boost the production for both export and self-servicing.
Reply
:iconzerorm:
ZeroRM Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2012
That is true, considering that while the F-22 is an improvement over the F-15, it has no more maneuverability or speed than a Eurofighter Typhoon, Dassault Rafale or SAAB JAS-39. The ONLY advantages the F-22 has over other fights is stealh and stand-off capability (because, as usual, the US refuses to build a proper heavy fighter for dogfighting).

The F-35 is an even bigger flop, as its capabilities are no better than a late-block F-16C or an FA-18E. The only one worth the investment would be the F-35B, with its VTOL/STOVL capability, making it a viable replacement for the Harrier.

Frankly I think the US should have built a production F-15S/MTD to fill the gap with more agile fighters abroad, and maybe LIMITED numbers of the F-22 Raptor, although frankly fighters don't really need stealth, because in the end, they're expected to FIGHT, not HIDE.
Reply
:iconfirevalkyrie:
Firevalkyrie Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
At the end of the Cold War, when Germany got its hands on the former East German air to air missiles and fighters, NATO received a shock awakening. While NATO had spent much of the Cold War since Vietnam improving fighters, the Russians had been pouring R&D money into air to air missiles, and it paid dividends. The Vympel R-77 (AA-11 Archer) medium range missile was drastically superior to the AIM-120A/B AMRAAM, and R-73 (AA-12 Adder) was even more drastically superior to AIM-132A ASRAAM. These revelations led to the development of the improved and longer-ranged AIM-120C, and the splintering of the ASRAAM project into three designs. The United Kingdom, which didn't have the money to start a new project, forged ahead with ASRAAM, while the United States and Germany both adapted the seeker and tail-steering mechanisms of the R-73 into their next-gen missiles, the AIM-9X Sidewinder and IRIS-T. To counter the extended range of the R-77M, the United States developed two long-range variants of AIM-120: The intermediate-range AIM-120C-5 and the currently-under-development extended-range AIM-120D (formerly AIM-120C-8), while a European consortium led by MDBA developed Meteor. Also worrying is the shorter-ranged but very large R-27 (AA-10 Alamo), equipping the MiG-29 and Su-27,

What does stealth have to do with this? Stealthy fighters contract the engagement envelope of enemy missiles by reducing the range at which they can be targeted. Against a squadron of F-15s, the Su-27 can volley R-77Ms at nearly their full extended range of 160 kilometers, but F-22s can approach much closer and get their own first-shot with AIM-120. Unlike the F-15, the first thing the enemy will see of F-22 is their opening missile volley, and while a Flanker-equipped enemy is moving to evade the F-22s' opening volley, the Americans can close to WVR engagement range and retain dogfight capability with their AIM-120s while bringing their AIM-9s into play as well. Stealth fighters also introduce an element of uncertainty for the Russian ultra-long-range R-37 (AA-X-13 Arrow) missile. Aware of this, everyone else is building for stealth, too (even if the Europeans are hoping that just "low observables" will cut it)...
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:iconzerorm:
ZeroRM Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2013
:iconyaomingmemeplz: Wall of Text. tl;dr
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:iconfirevalkyrie:
Firevalkyrie Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2013  Hobbyist General Artist
It's easy to make a simplistic wrong assertion. Demonstrating why it's wrong generally takes more text than saying the wrong thing.
Reply
:iconzerorm:
ZeroRM Featured By Owner Apr 6, 2013
Still, tl;dr
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