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USS Independence LCS-2 by bagera3005 USS Independence LCS-2 by bagera3005
USS Independence (LCS-2) is the lead ship of the Independence-class littoral combat ship. She is the sixth ship of the United States Navy to be named for the concept of independence. The design was produced by the General Dynamics consortium for the Navy's LCS program, and competes with the Lockheed Martin-designed Freedom variant.[10]

Independence, delivered to the Navy at the end of 2009, is a high-speed, small-crew corvette (although the U.S. Navy does not use the term) intended for operation in the littoral zone. It can swap out various systems to take on various missions, including finding and destroying mines, hunting submarines in and near shallow water, and fighting small boats (it is not intended to fight warships). The ship is a trimaran design with a wide beam above the waterline that supports a larger flight deck than those of the Navy's much larger destroyers and cruisers, as well as a large hangar and a similarly large mission bay below. The trimaran hull also exhibits low hydrodynamic drag, allowing efficient operation on two diesel-powered water jets at speeds up to 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), and high-speed operation on two gas turbine-powered water jets at a sustainable 44 knots (81 km/h; 51 mph) and even faster for short periods.


Description

The design for Independence (LCS 2) is based on a high-speed trimaran (Benchijigua Express) hull built by Austal (Henderson, Australia). The 418-foot (127-meter) surface combatant design requires a crew of 40 sailors.

With 11,000 cubic meters of payload volume, it was designed to carry two mission modules, allowing the ship to do multiple missions without having to be refitted. The flight deck, 1,030 m2 (11,100 sq ft), can support two SH-60 Seahawk helicopters, multiple UAVs, or one CH-53 Sea Stallion-class helicopter. The trimaran hull will allow flight operations up to sea state 5.[11]

The Independence carries a default armament for self-defense, and command and control. Unlike traditional combatants with fixed armament such as guns and missiles, tailored mission modules can be configured for one mission package at a time. Modules may consist of manned aircraft, unmanned vehicles, off-board sensors, or mission-manning detachments.

The interior volume and payload is greater than some destroyers, allowing the ship to serve as a high-speed transport and maneuver platform. The 15,200 square feet (1,410 m2) mission bay takes up most of the deck below the hangar and flight deck.

In addition to cargo or container-sized mission modules, the bay can carry four lanes of multiple Strykers, armored Humvees, and their associated troops. An elevator allows air transport of packages the size of a 20-foot-long (6.1 m) shipping container that can be moved into the mission bay while at sea. A side access ramp allows for vehicle roll-on/roll-off loading to a dock and allows the ship to transport the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle.[12]

Bunks and living spaces are below the bridge. The helm is controlled by joysticks instead of traditional steering wheels.[13]

The Independence also has an integrated LOS Mast, Sea Giraffe 3D Radar and SeaStar Safire FLIR. Side and forward surfaces are angled to reduce the ship's radar profile. In addition, H-60-series helicopters provide airlift, rescue, anti-submarine, radar picket and anti-ship capabilities with torpedoes and missiles.

The Raytheon Evolved SeaRAM missile defense system is installed on the hangar roof. The SeaRAM combines the sensors of the Phalanx 1B close-in weapon system with an 11-missile launcher for the Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM), creating an autonomous system.[14]

Northrop Grumman has demonstrated sensor fusion of on and off-board systems in the Integrated Combat Management System (ICMS) used on Independence.[15]

Independence has an Interior Communications Center that can be curtained off from the rest of bridge, instead of the heavily protected Combat Information Center found on other Navy warships.[16]

Austal claims that the Independence will use one-third less fuel than Freedom, but the Congressional Budget Office found that fuel would account for 18 percent or less of the total lifetime cost of Freedom. While it was unable to judge the fuel usage of Independence, the higher purchase price of Independence would dominate its lifetime costs.[17]
History

The contract was awarded to General Dynamics in July 2003.[18] The contract to build her was then awarded to Austal USA of Mobile, Alabama, on 14 October 2005 and her keel was laid down on 19 January 2006. Delivery to the United States Navy was scheduled for December 2008.

The originally planned second General Dynamics ship (LCS-4) was canceled on 1 November 2007.[19] On 1 May 2009, a second vessel was reordered by the Navy, the Coronado (LCS-4). The keel was laid on 17 December 2009,[20] with delivery scheduled for May 2012.[21] It was delivered September 27, 2013.[22]

For fiscal year 2010, the Navy planned a competition between Lockheed Martin and General Dynamics for the next three littoral combat ships, with the winner building two ships and the loser only one.[23] USS Independence was christened 5 October 2008 by Doreen Scott, wife of 10th Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy Terry D. Scott.[24]

Austal has proposed a much smaller and slower trimaran, called the Multi-Role Vessel or Multi-Role Corvette. Though it is only half the size of their LCS design, it would still be useful for border protection and counter-piracy operations.[25] Navy leaders said that the fixed price competition offered the Austal design an equal shot, in spite of its excess size and cost and limited service.[26]

In June 2009, the development and construction of Independence was 220% over-budget. The total projected cost for the ship is $704 million. The Navy had originally projected the cost at $220 million.[27] Independence began builder's trials near Mobile, Alabama on 2 July 2009, three days behind schedule because of maintenance issues.[28]

In response to problems with the propulsion plant (the port gas turbine shaft seal sprang a leak), General Dynamics rearranged builder's trials to test other systems until this was fixed.[29] The ship completed builder's trials on 21 October 2009[30] and acceptance trials on 19 November 2009.[31]

On 9 December 2009, the Navy announced that the ship had completed its first INSURV inspection. The inspection found 2,080 discrepancies, including 39 high-priority deficiencies, but concluded that all could be resolved before the Navy accepts the ship as scheduled. The ship was delivered to the Navy on 17 December 2009, and the service officially accepted it the next day.[20] However, the ship was found to be incomplete and a second round of acceptance trials was scheduled for 2011.[32]

The ship was commissioned on 16 January 2010 in Mobile, Alabama[33] and completed her maiden voyage in April 2010.[34]

In 2010, the Navy asked for an additional $5.3 million to correct problems found in the sea trials.[35] Galvanic corrosion caused by an aluminum hull in contact with the stainless steel propulsion system with sea water acting as an electrolyte, and electrical currents not fully isolated, caused "aggressive corrosion."[36][37] Prior to the discover of corrosion, Austal and General Dynamics had both agreed to dissolve their relationship with each other and agree to act as competitors in March.[38] The cause of the split was due to the planned competition between Lockheed Martin and General Dynamics.[38] Prior to the split, General Dynamics was to continue maintenance on the ship after it entered service.[39] In 2011 the corrosion problem was found to be even worse than expected and repair would require time in a drydock to completely remove the water jets.[40] In response, Austal blamed the U.S. Navy for not properly maintaining the ship.[41][42] However the Navy replied that the electrical insulation had been improperly installed during construction.[43] Later Austal said it had found a fix for the problem that would be tested on the third Austal LCS ship.[44] In 2011, seven U.S. senators sent a letter to the Department of Defense questioning the management of the corrosion problems of Independence.[45] In July 2011, Navy Public Information Officer Christopher G. Johnson said that a "cathodic protection system" would be installed on the ship.[46] Such systems generally consist of strategically located deposits of "sacrificial metals" which act as an anode to reduce corrosion of the metal being protected.

On 2 May 2012, the Independence completed her maiden voyage to her homeport, Naval Base San Diego, California.[47]

In 2013, U.S. Navy sources described early documents that showed that the ship was to be named Liberty was a mistake.[48]
Add a Comment:
 
:icongoldenwings283:
Goldenwings283 Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2016  Professional General Artist
could be used in military if darpa decides they like your design enough to test it your design seems more than worthy of DARPA's attention.
Reply
:iconbagera3005:
bagera3005 Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2016  Professional Interface Designer
this is real ship
Reply
:iconsensthepunmistress:
Sensthepunmistress Featured By Owner Jan 20, 2016
Looks awesome!
Reply
:iconnarutosdad:
narutosdad Featured By Owner Sep 9, 2014
have you ever thought of doing a cruise liner in this style
Reply
:iconbagera3005:
bagera3005 Featured By Owner Sep 9, 2014  Professional Interface Designer
i may at some time
Reply
:iconnemu-asakura:
Nemu-Asakura Featured By Owner Mar 14, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I prefer this design over the USS Freedom
Reply
:iconbagera3005:
bagera3005 Featured By Owner Mar 14, 2014  Professional Interface Designer
i like them both
Reply
:iconlupus14:
Lupus14 Featured By Owner Mar 14, 2014
Why is there a EU-flag in the heraldic shield/symbol?
Reply
:iconbagera3005:
bagera3005 Featured By Owner Mar 14, 2014  Professional Interface Designer
its  designed for over seas sales as  wall
Reply
:iconmidway2009:
Midway2009 Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Awesome ship! :D
Reply
:iconhunter2045:
Hunter2045 Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014
Nice.
Reply
:iconhgfggg:
hgfggg Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014
I really like Independence. A giant trimaran...
Reply
:iconwarrenzoell:
WarrenZoell Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014  Hobbyist Artisan Crafter
The bottom of the hull is a steel grey.
Reply
:iconslingblade87:
SlingBlade87 Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014
Very nice render...now if only they can get the actual ships to work as well!
Reply
:iconfirehawk171:
FIREHAWK171 Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014
Ship looks great bud, Nice work on rendering it.
Reply
:iconbagera3005:
bagera3005 Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014  Professional Interface Designer
thanks
Reply
:iconfirehawk171:
FIREHAWK171 Featured By Owner Mar 12, 2014
Your Welcome
Reply
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